HISTORY OF SUGAR

HISTORY OF SUGAR

Sugar is a natural ingredient that has been in our diet for thousands of years. It is thought to have been first used in the Polynesian Islands over 5,000 years ago. The first records of it being consumed in Britain date back to 1264, but it was only from 1655 when Jamaica and parts of the West Indies became British colonies, that Britain became much more involved in the sugar industry.

While sugar production increased rapidly during this time, and it played a major role in the expansion of the British Empire, it remained a luxury item for many people well into the 18th Century. It wasn’t until the Government in 1874 removed heavy taxes levied against sugar that it became more affordable, and a household staple for everyone.

It was at this time as well, that sugar beet rivalled sugar cane as the main source of sugar in Europe. Britain’s own beet sugar industry came to fruition during World War 1. The Government persuaded farmers to grow sugar beet following shortages in sugar cane and as a way to boost the agricultural sector

In 2012, Britain celebrated 100 years of the beet sugar industry and its continued success. Today, the homegrown sugar industry involves 3,500 sugar beet growers and supports up to 9,500 UK jobs in the wider economy. UK beet production occupies over 100,000 hectares of UK farmland.

The 1 October 2017 saw the end of the European sugar regime; marking the final step in the reform of the European Common Agricultural Policy which was agreed by EU Ministers in 2013.

This includes a mixture of food and drink from the five main food groups. Most of what you eat should come from the two biggest– fruit and vegetables and starchy foods like bread, cereals, rice and pasta. Good sources of protein are lean meat, fish, eggs, lower fat milk and dairy products but these should be consumed in smaller amounts. Finally, foods and drinks high in fat, salt and/or sugar can be enjoyed in limited amounts